January / December #19 : Milk and Money - by Walter Armstrong and Faye Penn

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Table of Contents

Cheese and Crackers

Blood from a Stone

A World Drenched in Blood

The Bride Wore White

Life After Ryan

Dream Team

Unmasked Avenger



Special Delivery

Tattoo Hullabaloo

Dirty Sticks, Dirty Tricks

Best Little U.S. AIDS Hospital

Blow It Dry

Desert Flora Has Anti-HIV Aura

DOT's the Limit

Murder by Member

Milk and Money

Stoned in a Park

By Any Peer Necessary


Dubin's List

Blood Money


If the Birds Come

POZ Picks-December 1996/January 1997

Home of the Brave

POZ Biz-December 1996/January 1997

Tribute-December 1996/January 1997

Patrick Webb's Adventures With Punchinello

Cremation Sensation

Sexual Healing

A Holistic Holiday How-To

Wisdom Out of Africa

And Nary a Drop to Drink

Adding in the Health Factor

Hitting Herpes Hard

Q Tip

Managed Care Joins Death and Taxes

Play Your Cards Right

Raising Hormones

Deadly Cocktails

In the Den

The Dating Game

Most Popular Lessons

The HIV Life Cycle


Herpes Simplex Virus

Syphilis & Neurosyphilis

Treatments for Opportunistic Infections (OIs)

What is AIDS & HIV?

Hepatitis & HIV

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January / December 1997

Milk and Money

by Walter Armstrong and Faye Penn

Mothers in impoverished nations face "tragic" choice

HIV positive mothers who breast-feed run a 28 percent risk of transmitting the virus to their infants, says a new study from the Baragwanath Hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa. Earlier research put the likelihood at 14 percent, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. These findings are especially grim for moms in impoverished countries, who have been continually urged to breast-feed even if they have HIV.

In 1992, the United Nations' Children's Fund and the World Health Organization (WHO) concluded that diarrhea and malnutrition pose a far greater threat than AIDS to infants in developing nations, where formula is expensive and clean water scarce.

"It's a really tragic situation. you're talking about HIV transmission to some 30 percent of infants. Yet if you don't breast-feed, the morbidity and mortality is even more horrendous," said Dr. Katherine Luzuriaga, a pediatric AIDS researcher at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.

Researchers are studying the possibility of administering antiretrovirals to stem mother-to-infant transmission. In the meantime, the United Nations AIDS Program says mothers should be advised of the risks and make their own decisions. WHO spokesperson Celinda Veramo said the agency, which sponsored the first annual "World Breast-Feeding Week" last August, had no plans to change its advisory that "all babies should be fed exclusively on breast milk until six months of age."

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