July/August #146 : Field of Genes

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Table of Contents
 

Torch Song

Service Interruption

AIDS on the Border




Staying Put?

Bad Combos ...and the Women Who Take Them

Move It, Doc!

Stem Cell Surprise

At the Drugstore: Do You Get What You Pay For?

Adherence Tip: It's In the Bag

When to Treat

Tai Chi for T Cells

So Long, Salmonella

Field of Genes

PI Solo Act

Sound Like a Plan?




That's Hot!

Death on the Nile

Operation Iraqi Stigma

Starter Wives

Pos or Not?

Surf's Up!

Postcard From the Edge

HIV Info, Str8 2 UR Fone

Hot Dates-July/August 2008

In or Out?

Mile-High Hopes




Editor's Letter-July/August 2008

Mailbox-July/August 2008

GMHC Treatment Issues-July/August 2008



 
Most Popular Lessons

The HIV Life Cycle

Shingles

Herpes Simplex Virus

Syphilis & Neurosyphilis

Treatments for Opportunistic Infections (OIs)

What is AIDS & HIV?

Hepatitis & HIV


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July / August 2008


Field of Genes

Every day seems to bring a newly discovered link between genes and diabetes, heart disease, cancer or hepatitis. Aside from fueling all those “know your genes” websites, genetic discoveries may someday produce treatments for many diseases. Always on the cutting edge, people with HIV have already been there and have done that. In the past year, two useful advances in HIV medicine have emerged from the science of human genetics.

The player: CCR5, a protein, runs a gateway that HIV uses to enter CD4 cells. Some people inherit two copies of a genetic variation, the CCR5 delta-32 deletion, which makes it difficult to contract HIV. People who inherit just one copy of the variant gene can contract the virus but progress much more slowly toward AIDS.

The game: Discovering this genetic link led to the development of the new class of oral HIV meds, entry inhibitors. Selzentry (maraviroc) was the first of these to get FDA approval; it blocks HIV from attaching to CD4 cells.

The player: The genetic marker HLA-B*5701 is also linked to how fast HIV progresses; people with this variant progress slowly once they have HIV.

The game: Discovering HLA-B*5701 also helped identify people who will develop a hypersensitivity reaction to the HIV drug abacavir (Ziagen, also found in Epzicom and Trizivir). Genetic screening now helps identify such people, so that they can avoid the drug.

Search: genes, diabetes, CD4,


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