Treatment News : Global HIV Incidence Is High in Both Pregnant and New Moms

POZ - Health, Life and HIV
Subscribe to:
POZ magazine
Join POZ: Facebook MySpace Twitter Pinterest
Tumblr Google+ Flickr MySpace
POZ Personals
Sign In / Join

Back to home » Treatment News » April 2014

Most Popular Lessons

The HIV Life Cycle


Herpes Simplex Virus

Syphilis & Neurosyphilis

Treatments for Opportunistic Infections (OIs)

What is AIDS & HIV?

Hepatitis & HIV

20 Years Ago In POZ

More Treatment News

Click here for more news

Have news about HIV? Send press releases, news tips and other announcements to


April 18, 2014

Global HIV Incidence Is High in Both Pregnant and New Moms

Global rates of new HIV cases (also known as incident HIV) are high among pregnant women and new mothers, putting their children at high risk of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), aidsmap reports. Publishing their findings in PLOS Medicine, researchers conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of 47 studies, drawn from a pool spanning from 1980 to 2013, that looked at HIV incidence during and directly after pregnancy and its link to MTCT. (HIV can be transmitted through breast-feeding.)

The analysis examined 19 cohort studies, which all concerned women in sub-Saharan Africa, 22,803 in total. The pooled HIV incidence was 3.8 per 100 person years while the women were pregnant and 2.9 per 100 person years during the postpartum period.

Thirteen studies provided information about MTCT resulting from women who acquired HIV during pregnancy or during the postpartum period. The pooled MTCT rate for those who contracted HIV while pregnant was 17.8 percent, compared with 26.9 percent for those who became HIV positive postpartum. This difference was not statistically significant, meaning it could have occurred by chance.

Finally, five studies compared the likelihood of MTCT during incident versus chronic infection. Acquiring HIV during pregnancy or postpartum was liked to a 2.8-fold greater risk of MTCT.

The investigators stated that their findings stress that women should be tested for HIV repeatedly during pregnancy and when breast-feeding, a testing scenario that is rare.

To read the aidsmap story, click here.

To read the study, click here.

Search: HIV, pregnant, postpartum, incidence, new infections, mother-to-child transmission, MTCT, aidsmap.

Scroll down to comment on this story.


(will display; 2-50 characters)


(will NOT display)


(will display; optional)

Comment (500 characters left):

(Note: The POZ team reviews all comments before they are posted. Please do not include either ":" or "@" in your comment. The opinions expressed by people providing comments are theirs alone. They do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Smart + Strong, which is not responsible for the accuracy of any of the information supplied by people providing comments.)

Comments require captcha.
Please enter this number for verification:

| Posting Rules

Show comments (0 total)

[Go to top]

Facebook Twitter Google+ MySpace YouTube Tumblr Flickr Instagram
Quick Links
Current Issue

HIV Testing
Safer Sex
Find a Date
Newly Diagnosed
HIV 101
Disclosing Your Status
Starting Treatment
Help Paying for Meds
Search for the Cure
POZ Stories
POZ Opinion
POZ Exclusives
Read the Blogs
Visit the Forums
Job Listings
Events Calendar
POZ on Twitter

Ask POZ Pharmacist

Talk to Us
Has a pet helped you deal with your HIV?


more surveys
Contact Us
We welcome your comments!
[ about Smart + Strong | about POZ | POZ advisory board | partner links | advertising policy | advertise/contact us | site map]
© 2016 Smart + Strong. All Rights Reserved. Terms of use and Your privacy.
Smart + Strong® is a registered trademark of CDM Publishing, LLC.