In some sub-Saharan African countries, the ratio of medical workers to HIV positive patients falls far short of World Health Organization (WHO) standards. According to a new report published in the medical journal The Lancet, midlevel health-care workers – also known as non-physician clinicians (NCPs) – could be instrumental in helping positive people get the care they need. With more training than nurses, but not as much as doctors, NCPs provide equally valuable—and less expensive—services in African health care systems.