An infographic from the UNAIDS report “Fast-Track: Ending the AIDS Epidemic by 2030”

If the world scales up its HIV prevention and treatment programs and reaches fast-track targets, it will avert nearly 28 million new infections and also “end the AIDS epidemic as a global health threat by 2030,” according to a report by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).

The report, released ahead of World AIDS Day and titled Fast-Track: Ending the AIDS Epidemic by 2030, lists a set of “fast-track targets” to be reached by 2020. These goals include achieving a 90-90-90 target, which means 90 percent of people with HIV knowing their status, 90 percent of those who know their status being on treatment, and then 90 percent of those on treatment suppressing the virus. For the year 2030, this goal is 95-95-95.

Another target is to reduce new infections by 75 percent to 500,000 by the year 2020, and then to 200,000 by 2030. And there is a goal of zero discrimination for both years.

“We have bent the trajectory of the epidemic,” said Michel Sidibé, executive director of UNAIDS, in a press release announcing the report. “Now we have five years to break it for good or risk the epidemic rebounding out of control.”