Johns Hopkins University and the Kaiser Family Foundation conducted a study that found that a decrease of funds for HIV prevention  has contributed to the increase in HIV infections over the past 20 years. The study highlights dangerous dichotomies such as the federal government allocatingof funds for abstinence-only prevention education in an era when, according to the Centers for Disease Control, 47% of high school students have had sex and 14% of them have had sex with four or more partners.