The United States Transgender Survey (USTS), conducted by the National Center for Transgender Equality, in 2015, is the largest of its kind. It was completed by nearly 28,000 respondents from all 50 states, four times the number who participated in its previous iteration, the groundbreaking 2011 National Transgender Discrimination Survey. The results of the survey are now in and have been published as The Report of the 2015 Transgender Survey. According to the report, the rate of HIV among the transgender respondents, at 1.4 percent, is almost five times higher than among the rest of the U.S. population; for trans women, the rate is 3.4 percent, and as many as 19 percent of Black trans women are HIV positive. What’s worse, trans people are less likely to have health insurance than the rest of the U.S. population. But despite the alarming statistics, many saw the massive collection of data as a step toward increased visibility and better-targeted advocacy for trans people living with HIV.