Generic Name: zidovudine + lamivudine
Abbreviation: AZT + 3TC
Company: ViiV Healthcare
Approval Status: Approved
Generic Version Available: Yes
Not part of a recommended or alternative treatment regimen for antiretroviral-naive people living with HIV, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) Panel on Antiretroviral Guidelines for Adults and Adolescents. Visit http://aidsinfo.nih.gov/contentfiles/lvguidelines/aa_recommendations.pdf for the full DHHS guidelines.
Combivir is an HIV medication. It is in a category of HIV medicines called nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors. Combivir was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use by people living with HIV in 1997.
Combivir must be used in combination with other HIV drugs.
Adult Dose: One tablet twice a day. Each tablet contains 300mg zidovudine + 150mg lamivudine.
Pediatric Dose: Patients weighing more than 66lbs (30kg): One tablet twice a day. Each tablet contains 300mg zidovudine + 150mg lamivudine.
Dosing Info: Take with or without food, however taking with food may minimize stomach upset.
Bone marrow problems, such as decreased production of red blood cells and/or white blood cells, can occur in people talking zidovudine.
A rare but potentially serious side effect of zidovudine is myopathy (damage to the muscles, including the heart). People who use zidovudine for a long period of time, meaning several years, are at the greatest risk for myopathy. General symptoms of myopathy include weakness of limbs, usually proximal (located close to the center of the body).
If you have hepatitis B and plan to stop taking Combivir, your doctor might want to frequently check your liver enzymes after stopping treatment. This is because the lamivudine in Combivir is also active against the hepatitis B virus (HBV). If lamivudine is stopped abruptly, it can cause liver disease to “flare” and damage the liver.
For a review of drug interactions, including prescription and over-the-counter medications and supplements that should not be taken with Combivir or may require dose adjustments, consult the Combivir package insert: http://www.viivhealthcare.com/gskprm/htdocs/documents/COMBIVIR.PDF
Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you have kidney disease or liver disease. In addition, tell your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant, if you are breastfeeding, and all your medical conditions, including all prescription and over-the-counter medications and supplements you are taking.
Co-Pay Program Info: https://www.poz.com/basics/hiv-basics/drug-assistance-programs
Patient Assistance Program Info: https://www.poz.com/basics/hiv-basics/drug-assistance-programs
Last Reviewed: July 15, 2016