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After almost a decade on antiretroviral therapy, half of study participants still had HIV in immune cells in their brain and spinal fluid.
Cognitive decline has long been thought of as an inevitable effect of aging, but its roots begin decades before obvious symptoms manifest.
Smoking marijuana could reduce cognitive decline in people living with HIV.
Middle-aged people living with the virus have a higher rate of silent cerebral small-vessel disease than their HIV-negative peers.
The authors of a recent study hypothesize that HIV’s initial attack on the brain may be responsible for subsequent cognitive decline.
Antiretroviral treatment of HIV may combat and even halt the harmful effects the virus appears to have on brain aging and cognitive function
Sustiva (efavirenz), which is included in Atripla, is associated with central nervous system side effects and sleep disturbances.
A look at the most notable HIV-related studies presented at the 2017 Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections in Seattle.
More research is needed into how the virus may affect cerebral small vessel disease, a leading cause of cognitive decline.
However, in a recent small study, hepatitis C treatment was not associated with an improvement in cognitive impairment in this population.
It’s part of San Francisco General Hospital’s Ward 86, where 1,600 of its 2,500 patients are 50 or older.
Cognitive decline has been a major concern for people living with HIV as they age.
Currently, women and heterosexual men who inject drugs in King County, Washington, have a low HIV rate.
The ongoing study includes those with and without HIV, which is associated with declining cognitive function.
Findings suggest that the older class of HIV drugs may contribute to HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders.
Among a group of middle-aged men with well-treated HIV, there was also a link between cognitive decline and a gene connected to Alzheimer’s.
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